Abstract On the 8th local time, the World Economic Forum released the "2013 Global Risk Report", indicating that the world faces further economic shocks, and countries need to attach great importance to the ability to withstand global risks. Among them, "increased income gap", &l...On the 8th local time, the World Economic Forum released the "2013 Global Risk Report", indicating that the world faces further economic shocks, and countries need to attach great importance to the ability to withstand global risks. Among them, â€œincreased income gapâ€, â€œlong-term financial imbalanceâ€ and â€œincreasing greenhouse gas emissionsâ€ are listed as the three major risks facing the world.
The report believes that the growing income gap and long-term fiscal imbalances make people's outlook for the next 10 years more pessimistic. In addition, the imminent socio-economic risks make people unable to take into account the challenges posed by climate change. Some recent extreme weather events have shown that the international community lacks a sense of urgency to address the long-term threat of climate change. In the context of economic and environmental changes undergoing structural changes, the international community should make the necessary strategic investments to prevent major problems in the economic and environmental systems.
The World Economic Forum surveyed more than 1,000 experts and industry leaders around the world, listed 50 global risks, and included them in the five categories of economic, environmental, geopolitical, social and technical, based on their attributes, and made the above report accordingly.
The report believes that China's economic development level is in the second stage, that is, efficiency-driven, the first stage is factor-driven, the third stage is innovation-driven, China's national risk management efficiency and the â€œelasticityâ€ of the national system (ie adaptation and Resilience) is higher than other BRICS countries. Among them, China's national risk management efficiency is 4.51 points, ranking 30th in the world, higher than South Africa (4.42 points), India (4.31 points), Brazil (4.16 points), Russia (3.6 points), and the United States is 4.53 points. Ranked twenty-ninth. In terms of the â€œelasticityâ€ of the national system, China ranked seventh with 3.26 points. The top six were Singapore 3.66, Norway 3.5, Sweden 3.46, Switzerland 3.37, United Arab Emirates 3.28, Canada 3.27, and the United States ranked ninth, 3.23.
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