Bathrooms have been two separate spaces for toilets and bathrooms since ancient times, but they have only been combined in modern times. In the "Zhou Li" mentioned the toilet, is a public toilet, the earliest formed in the Xia and Shang dynasties of the city. There is also an interesting story here. It is said that the toilet septic tank in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period was quite deep. Therefore, someone accidentally fell into the toilet and died. "Zuo Zhuan" contains Jin Houmou who fell into the toilet and died. After the Shang Dynasty, baths exclusively for showers appeared. The earliest bathrooms were mostly homes.
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In the Qin and Han Dynasties, our toilet culture has developed to a higher stage, forming a separate toilet for men and women. At the time, the number of private toilets was far more than that of public toilets, and facilities were also better than public toilets. They began to enter the popularization stage, and there were toilets and seated toilets. Even the name "changing clothes" is used as the title, similar to the current locker room. This is in stark contrast to the lack of any health facilities in the lower-class families of ancient Rome. It can be seen that we were far ahead of Europe in terms of economy and science and technology and even had to sit for more than a few centuries.
The public baths only appeared in the Tang Dynasty because the minorities of the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties gradually merged with the Han people. The taboos of the ethnic minorities were not as good as those of the Han people. In the Song Dynasty, the public baths were well developed. They spread out inside and outside of Kaifeng City. Bathrooms were divided between men and women. The service was very considerate. In addition to providing bathing, they provided services such as shackles, manicures, and massages. Tea, wine, and fruit were also provided.
In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the development of toilets and bathrooms had reached a very high level, but the two were still different. The toilets were developed in the direction of private toilets. Basically one bedroom and one toilet, and the bathroom was a public bathhouse. Formally, there is almost no difference between the two and the modern.
It can be seen from the above that the development of toilets is from public use to private use, while the bathroom is from private use to public use to the present private use, and the development of the bathroom is always later than the toilet. This should be due to the fact that at the time of social cognition, the different functional definitions of toilets and bathrooms were determined. In ancient times, the bath could not be washed, but the toilet could not enter, so the development of the toilet was always earlier than the bathroom, and it developed to the private stage in the Qin and Han dynasties. With the improvement of living standards and the advancement of social civilization, the importance of the bathroom has gradually increased, so the bathroom is popularized in the form of a shared bathroom and further developed into the current independent bathroom.
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